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Hebreeuwse Wortelen / Hebrew Roots
Theology
Hebrew Roots theology includes at least seven distinct core differences from Protestantism, Seventh-day Adventism, Rabbinic Judaism, and Messianic Judaism.
  • Both the Old and New Testaments are held as holy books. The Torah serves as the foundation to all subsequent understanding and interpretation of Scripture. A foundational distinction of the Hebrew Roots movement is the manner in which Scripture is translated and interpreted so that later testimony (particularly the New Testament, or "Brit Chadashah") does not conflict with Torah commandments. It is believed by those in the Hebrew Roots movement that Yeshua the Messiah did not come to establish a new religion or to “do away” with the law.
  • Salvation derives from the belief in Yeshua the Messiah as personal savior, not from commandment/Torah keeping; however, believers are rewarded according to their fruits, works, and obedience. Hebrew Roots followers believe that sin is breaking the written Torah (cf. 1 John 3:4), all of the purity laws such as dietary restrictions and sabbath keeping are in the written Torah, thus it is sinful to not keep the sabbath and to eat forbidden animals, among other social and religious observance laws. It is also true, according to Hebrew Roots followers, that those who are truly born of God will not continue in sin (cf. 1John 3:9), therefore, if you are not moved to keep the sabbath or to keep dietary restrictions, you must not truly be born of God.
  • The Jewish Oral Law (the Talmud) does not represent Scriptural requirements to be obeyed, but can provide deeper understanding as to how some have applied the Scriptures to practical life. Pagan traditions adopted by Judaism and Christianity are to be avoided.
  • Old Testament/Torah Laws and the teachings of the New Testament are to be obeyed by both Jews and Gentiles (proselytes). (See Numbers 15:15-16 for the explanation).
  • The Hebrew language is generally studied because it amplifies an understanding of the Scriptural text.
  • Unlike traditional Americans, followers of the Hebrew Roots movement actively study the Scriptures as well as the history, faith, and culture of the first and second century, to understand how traditional Christianity diverged from its Hebrew roots. Generally speaking, however, they do not recognise the work of modern first century historians outside their own viewpoint, such as Craig Evans, George Nickelsburg, Jacob Neusner, James D. G. Dunn, E. P. Sanders et al.[citation needed]
  • The moedim or appointed times listed in Leviticus 23, including the 7th day Sabbath and the Feast days, foreshadow the 1st and 2nd comings of the Messiah and the Creator's plan of salvation for the world.

Question: "What is the Hebrew Roots movement?"

Answer: The premise of the Hebrew Roots movement is the belief that the Church has veered far from the true teachings and Hebrew concepts of the Bible. The movement maintains that Christianity has been indoctrinated with the culture and beliefs of Greek and Roman philosophy and that ultimately biblical Christianity, taught in churches today, has been corrupted with a pagan imitation of the New Testament gospels.

Those of the Hebrew Roots belief hold to the teaching that Christ's death on the cross did not end the Mosaic Covenant, but instead renewed it, expanded its message, and wrote it on the hearts of His true followers. They teach that the understanding of the New Testament can only come from a Hebrew perspective and that the teachings of the Apostle Paul are not understood clearly or taught correctly by Christian pastors today. Many affirm the existence of an original Hebrew-language New Testament and, in some cases, denigrate the existing New Testament text written in Greek. This becomes a subtle attack on the reliability of the text of our Bible. If the Greek text is unreliable and has been corrupted, as is charged by some, the Church no longer has a standard of truth.

Although there are many different and diverse Hebrew Roots assemblies with variations in their teachings, they all adhere to a common emphasis on recovering the "original" Jewishness of Christianity. Their assumption is that the Church has lost its Jewish roots and is unaware that Jesus and His disciples were Jews living in obedience to the Torah. For the most part, those involved advocate the need for every believer to walk a Torah-observant life. This means that the ordinances of the Mosaic Covenant must be a central focus in the lifestyle of believers today as it was with the Old Testament Jews of Israel. Keeping the Torah includes keeping the Sabbath on the seventh day of the week (Saturday), celebrating the Jewish feasts and festivals, keeping the dietary laws, avoiding the "paganism" of Christianity (Christmas, Easter, etc.), and learning to understand the Scriptures from a Hebrew mindset. They teach that Gentile Christians have been grafted into Israel, and this is one reason every born-again believer in Jesus the Messiah is to participate in these observances. It is expressed that doing this is not required out of legalistic bondage, but out of a heart of love and obedience. However, they teach that to live a life that pleases God, this Torah-observant walk must be part of that life.

The Hebrew Roots assemblies are often made up of a majority of Gentiles, including Gentile rabbis. Usually they prefer to be identified as "Messianic Christians." Many have come to the conclusion that God has "called" them to be Jewish and have accepted the theological position that the Torah (Old Testament law) is equally binding on Gentiles and Jews alike. They often wear articles of traditional Jewish clothing, practice Davidic dancing, and incorporate Hebrew names and phrases into their writing and conversations. Most reject the use of the name "Jesus" in favor of Yeshua or YHWH, claiming that these are the "true" names that God desires for Himself. In most cases, they elevate the Torah as the foundational teaching for the Church, which brings about the demotion of the New Testament, causing it to become secondary in importance and only to be understood in light of the Old Testament. The idea that the New Testament is faulty and relevant only in light of the Old Testament has also brought the doctrine of the Trinity under attack by many advocates of the Hebrew Roots beliefs.

As opposed to what the Hebrew Roots movement claims, the New Testament teachings of the Apostle Paul are perfectly clear and self-explanatory. Colossians 2:16,17 says, "Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day – things which are a shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ." Romans 14:5 states, "One person regards one day above another, another regards every day alike. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind." Scripture clearly indicates that these issues are a matter of personal choice. These verses and many others give clear evidence that the Mosaic Covenant laws and ordinances have ended. Continuing to teach that the Old Covenant is still in effect in spite of what the New Testament teaches, or twisting the New Testament to agree with the Hebrew Roots beliefs, is false teaching.

There are aspects of the Hebrew Roots teachings that certainly can be beneficial. Seeking to explore the Jewish culture and perspective, within which most of the Bible was written, opens and enriches our understanding of the Scriptures, adding insight and depth to many of the passages, parables and idioms. There is nothing wrong with Gentiles and Jews joining together in celebrating the feasts and enjoying a Messianic style of worship. Taking part in these events and learning the way in which the Jews understood the teachings of our Lord can be a tool, giving us greater effectiveness in reaching the unbelieving Jew with the gospel. It is good for Gentiles, in the body of the Messiah, to identify in our fellowship with Israel. However, to identify with Israel is different from identifying "as" Israel.

Gentile believers are not grafted into the Judaism of the Mosaic Covenant; they are grafted into the seed and faith of Abraham, which preceded the Law and Jewish customs. They are fellow citizens with the saints (Ephesians 2:19), but they are not Jews. Paul explains this clearly when he tells those who were circumcised (the Jews) "not to seek to be uncircumcised" and those who were uncircumcised (the Gentiles) "not to become circumcised" (1 Corinthians 7:18). There is no need for either group to feel they must become what they are not. Instead, God has made Jews and Gentiles into "one new man" in Christ Jesus (Ephesians 2:15). This "new man" is referring to the Church, the body of Christ, which is made up of neither Jew nor Gentile (Galatians 3:27-29). It's important for Jews and Gentiles to remain authentic in their own identity. In this way a clear picture of the unity of the body of Christ can be seen as Jews and Gentiles are united by one Lord, one faith, one baptism. If Gentiles are grafted into Israel, becoming Jews, the purpose and picture of both Jew and Gentile, coming together as one new man, is lost. God never intended Gentiles to become one in Israel, but one in Christ.

The influence of this movement is working its way into our churches and seminaries. It's dangerous in its implication that keeping the Old Covenant law is walking a "higher path" and is the only way to please God and receive His blessings. Nowhere in the Bible do we find Gentile believers being instructed to follow Levitical laws or Jewish customs; in fact, the opposite is taught. Romans 7:6 says, "But now, by dying to what once bound us, we have been released from the law so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit, and not in the old way of the written code." Christ, in keeping perfectly every ordinance of the Mosaic Law, completely fulfilled it. Just as making the final payment on a home fulfills that contract and ends one’s obligation to it, so also Christ has made the final payment and has fulfilled the law, bringing it to an end for us all.

It is God Himself who has created a world of people with different cultures, languages and traditions. God is glorified when we accept one another in love and come together in unity as "one" in Christ Jesus. It's important to understand that there is no superiority in being born Jewish or Gentile. We who are followers of Christ, comprised of many different cultures and lifestyles, are all of value and greatly loved because we've entered into the family of God.

Nog in bewerking:
  • Zowel het Oude als het Nieuwe Testament (vooral de eerste 5 boeken van de OT en NT) worden als heilige boeken beschouwd. De Tora dient als basis voor alle volgende begrip en de interpretatie van de Schrift. Een fundamenteel onderscheid van de Hebreeuwse wortels beweging is de wijze waarop de Schrift wordt vertaald en geïnterpreteerd, zodat later getuigenis (met name het Nieuwe Testament, of "Brit Chadasja") niet in strijd is met de Torah geboden. De volgelingen in de Hebreeuwse wortels beweging geloven dat Yeshua de Messias niet gekomen is om een nieuwe religie te stichten of om de wetten "weg te doen". (Mattheus 5:17)
  • Redding komt voort (Openbaring 14:12) (Johannes 3: 5-6) (1 Johannes 3: 23-24) uit het geloof in Yeshua de Messias als persoonlijke verlosser, niet vanuit de geboden / Torah te houden; echter, worden gelovigen beloond op basis van hun vruchten, werken, en gehoorzaamheid. Hebrew Roots volgelingen geloven dat je zondigd bij het breken van de schriftelijke Torah (zie 1 Johannes 3: 4), alle van de zuiverheid wetten zoals dieet beperkingen en houden van de sabbat zijn in de schriftelijke Tora, dus is het zondig om niet de sabbat te houden en verboden dieren te eten, onder andere sociale en religieuze naleving wetten. Het is ook waar, volgens de volgelingen van de Hebreeuwse wortels, dat zij die echt uit God geboren zijn (Johannes 1:13+17) niet in de zonde blijven (zie 1 Johannes 3: 9), dus als je niet geroepen bent om de sabbat te houden of dieet beperkingen te houden, dat je dan nog niet werkelijk uit God geboren bent. (Ezechiel 44:23-24) (Johannes 1:17)
  • De Joodse Mondelinge Wet (de Talmoed) vertegenwoordigt niet de Schriftuurlijke voorschriften die moeten worden nageleefd, maar kunnen dieper inzicht verschaffen over hoe sommige de Schrift hebben toegepast op het praktische leven. Heidense tradities die vanuit het jodendom en christendom zijn aangenomen moeten worden vermeden.
  • Oude Testament / Thora Wetten en de leer van het Nieuwe Testament worden gehoorzaamd door zowel Joden als heidenen (bekeerlingen). (Zie Numeri 15: 15-16 voor de uitleg).
  • De Hebreeuwse taal wordt over het algemeen bestudeerd, omdat het een goed begrip van de bijbelse tekst versterkt.
  • In tegenstelling tot traditionele Amerikanen, volgelingen van de Hebreeuwse wortels bestuderen actief de Schrift en de geschiedenis, het geloof en de cultuur van de eerste en tweede eeuw, om te begrijpen hoe het traditionele christendom afweken is van de Hebreeuwse wortels. In het algemeen, echter, ze niet het werk van de moderne eerste eeuw historici buiten hun eigen standpunt, zoals Craig Evans, George Nickelsburg, Jacob Neusner, James DG Dunn, EP Sanders et al. [Nodig citaat] te erkennen.
  • De moedim of gezette tijden beschreven in Leviticus 23, met inbegrip van de 7e dag Sabbat en de feestdagen, de voorbode van de 1e en 2e komst van de Messias en heilsplan voor de wereld van de Schepper.

    (Johannes 18:37) (Deuteronomium 30:6)
    • Sabbath
    • Voedselwetten
    • (Thora) oude en nieuwe testament (eerste 5 boeken van de OT en NT)
    • YHWH's feestdagen
    • Yeshua
    • Heilige Geest
    • Alle geboden en instructies
    • Tien geboden
    • Water/doop
     
    • De Joodse Mondelinge Wet (de Talmoed) vertegenwoordigt niet de Schriftuurlijke voorschriften die moeten worden nageleefd, maar kunnen dieper inzicht verschaffen over hoe sommige de Schrift hebben toegepast op het praktische leven. Heidense tradities die vanuit het jodendom en christendom zijn aangenomen moeten worden vermeden.

Ancient Hebrew Bookstore E-Books
The Mechanical Translation of the Book of Genesis
 
 




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